Chess tactics: Simple tips for novices on end games

In the game of chess, the most important stage is the end game stage, where you will say checkmate or hear checkmate from the opponent.

In other words, the Endgame is solely about trying to employ various chess tactics to force a Checkmate against another player. This is made possible by a player centralizing all of their remaining pieces, putting them within striking positions against their opponent. Another key strategy is working toward the promotion of Pawns, for when these Pawns can reach the other end of the board, they can be made into Queens and with these Queens, a Checkmate is easily possible. Knowing a smart endgame will only help in winning a game of Chess, but it is also key to fully understand every stage of the game.   A player is required to  employ effective endgame tactics in order to achieve the desired result of saying checkmate to the opponent or agreeing for a draw, and definitely avoiding a checkmate from the opponent.

In the endgame, Pawns and Kings become important as both sides try to promote their Pawns.

Since the King is the most important piece in the game of chess, in the endgames, it is always advantageous to move the king to the center of the board.  When placed in the center the king can go to the kingside or to the queenside just depending on the situation. Fight with your king for every single center square! This reduces the activity of the enemy king. Don’t give the enemy king a sunny place in the center.

Pawns should remain protected by pieces and all troups should protect each other somehow. Revitalize bad placed pieces. Don’t move the king to the edge of the board as it loses its fighting potential.

Players with more pieces left on the board have an advantage.  Keep the army together and don’t split up its forces. If a single pawn runs ahead unprotected right into the enemy camp it will become weak and will be lost sooner or later.

Move your rook into an aggressive position. To have a well placed rook does usually not decide a middle game, but in the endgame such a small advantage can win the game. This is equally true for the other pieces. To show a pure materialistic attitude and hang on to attacked pawns and protect them at all cost, even if your pieces are placed in very defensive positions, will cost you the game as this is not the right chess endgame strategy.Place your rook behind your own pawn or behind the enemy pawn.
If you have a badly placed rook but have the chance to sacrifice a pawn to place your rook actively, you should do that in general. But you have to evaluate the degree of activity that your rooks gains. If the activity of your rook is largely increased you should sacrifice the pawn.

Controlling the time used by each move becomes important as fewer pieces remain. Sometimes a player may seem to have a tactical advantage but not enough pieces left to force a result. When this occurs the game is considered a draw due to insufficient material.


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